CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.
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Other sites are oral mucosa gingiva, hard palate, buccal mucosaconjunctiva, urethra, cheeks, and epiglottis. Rubor Calor Tumor Dolor Functio laesa. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Changes in dermal vasculature include vascular dilatation with singular vertical or oblique orientation of proliferated individual vessels, which is characteristic of ZB.
Male diseases of the pelvis and genitals N40—N51— Fusidic acid cream in the treatment of plasma cell balanitis. Erythroplasia of Queyrat of the glans penis on a background of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. CS1 Spanish-language sources es Infobox medical condition new Articles containing Greek-language text Articles with references in external links Commons category link is on Wikidata. ZB has very distinct histopathological changes affecting both epidermis and dermis.
However, it is postulated that it acts via triggering the upregulation of cellular immunity which may overcome local response to some unknown causative agents.
Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review
The exact mechanism of action of TCIs in these conditions is not known. Sites affected It is most candidiaasica located on the glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved. Candodiasica addition, other possible causes of ZB that have been described in the literature include chronic infection with Mycobacterium smegmatis and human papillomaviruses HPV. Pareiitis und balanitis plasmacellularis. YAG laser can be finely adapted to this clinical scenario.
Reflectance confocal microscopy [ 25 ].
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InZoon first recognized this entity in eight male patients with chronic balanitis. Furthermore, a regular careful clinical and histopathological monitoring is definitely required in the management candidjasica this complex and demanding entity. Surgical management [ Table 3 ] Table 3 Various surgical modalities for Zoon’s balanitis.
Dermoscopy of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. Report of a case and review of the literature. Other association Some authors have found an association between ZB and erythroplasia of Queyrat; while others believe that ZB can precede carcinoma of the penis, supposing that the carcinogenic changes may arise in the chronically inflamed mucosa of ZB.
Balanitis is uncommon in circumcised men and in many cases preputial dysfunction is a causal or contributing factor.
Arch Klin Exp Dermatol. Erythroplasia of the female genitalia. Chronic benign circumscript plasmocytic balanoposthitis.
Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review
Here arises the importance of a venereologist balanopotsitis not only has to diagnose and candidissica the condition effectively but also has to allay the patient’s anxiety associated with this condition. Thus, there is a lack of supportive evidence for this hypothesis.
It includes candidiasis, lichen planus, secondary syphilis, erythroplasia of Queyrat squamous cell carcinoma in situ [CIS]or Bowen’s disease of the glans penis, which clinically simulate ZB. Financial support and sponsorship Nil.
Table 1 Clinical criteria for diagnosing Zoon balanitis[ 18 ]. Although it was described by Zoon inits etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. YAG laser – Few studies have reported Er: Insulitis Hypophysitis Thyroiditis Parathyroiditis Adrenalitis.
Balanoposthitis is believed to have contributed to the decline to near-extinction of Gilbert’s potoroo. There is only one case report of ZB treated with oral dapsone without any side effect although the mechanism of action was not clear.
Balanitis – Wikipedia
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. YAG laser to produce complete resolution in ZB. Nikolowski W, Wiehl R. It is most balanoposttiis located on the glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved.